There is a massive amount of professional support that can be sought to develop several safe exit strategies to ensure a better life for victims, but continue to be ignored. There are several myths to why women remain in an environment that reaps danger for oneself and children, but the question is not why does the woman remain in an abusive relationship, the question should be, what form of therapy can one obtain to ga In the U. These sad criminal acts will continue to grow in our society, unless our community takes action to stop these crimes.
First of all the most important tool we have available against this type of crime are the authorities, which include the police department, hospital, and social workers Protecting Women from Domestic Violence Essay. Essay Preview. Read Full Essay Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper. Need Writing Help? Domestic Violence : A Victim Of Domestic Abuse Essay - Domestic violence can best be defined, as noted by the National Crime Victimization Survey, as violent or aggressive behavior, such as rape, assault, and robbery, which is committed by an offender within the home, therefore, generally involving the violent abuse of a spouse, partner, or family member Truman and Morgan, The Effects Of Domestic Violence Against Women Essay example - The impact of domestic violence against women leaves a lifelong impact not only on the women but families and children.
Essay about The Issue Of Domestic Violence - For my project I originally wanted to work in the Tongva community in the law aspect to make sure there were laws protecting women against being victims of sexual assault.
Social Justice Essay - Women & Child Rights Violations
Domestic Violence : A Victim Of Domestic Abuse Essay - According to the National Crime Victimization Survey, domestic violence can best be defined as violent or aggressive behavior, such as rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggressive or simple assault, committed by an offender within the home, therefore, generally involving the violent abuse of a spouse, partner, or family member Truman and Morgan, The Legal System Of Domestic Violence Essay - The legal system has been moderately effective in protecting victims of domestic violence.
For example, black women were approximately These trends occurred in the North and South. In Tennessee in , 60 percent of male prisoners were black as opposed to percent of the women prisoners. Moreover, the disparities lasted well into the twentieth century, as black men in the South accounted for Parts of the Midwest witnessed similar rates of confinement, especially for felony convictions. Beginning in the s, when African Americans made up less than 2 percent of the Illinois population, black women were 15 percent of incarcerated female felons in the state, while black men were 7 percent of male felons.
In the early part of the twentieth century, those numbers rose to 44 percent for black females and 21 percent for black men.
By the s, when blacks made up roughly 9 percent of the state's population, the felon rates would swell to 66 percent and 42 percent, respectively. In the s, when blacks represented just over 11 percent of the population, black women would account for 70 percent of female felons while black men accounted for 46 percent of the males. Moreover, although this essay is principally concerned with the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, it is nonetheless important to note that such trends endured. With the advent of stricter drug laws, the arrests of black women in the late s and s for drug-related crimes grew by percent—triple the growth in arrest rate for white women and double that of black men.
By the early twenty-first century, roughly one in every three hundred black women had been incarcerated in the United States, as opposed to one in every Latinas and one in 1, white females. Social attitudes undergirding exclusionary notions of protection also influenced the kind of time black women served in prison.
In places such as Philadelphia in the late nineteenth century, black women served longer prison sentences: Moreover, young white women and girls found themselves shipped off to newly constructed reformatories in the early twentieth century—institutions built with a cottage design and staffed by white matrons aiming to restore white womanhood. In custodial prisons, reform was ignored, and black women existed as prey for unscrupulous prison officials.
In southern states African American women performed backbreaking labor on chain gangs alongside black men.
There too black women would suffer brutality and defilement. They would be lynched—often for fending off sexual attacks. Such retribution is in stark contrast to the kinds of justice meted out on behalf of white female victims, particularly if they named a black man as the culprit. In instances of defense against intraracial gender violence, most African American women succumbed to the vortex of judicial exclusion. That black women could not expect legal redress for partner abuse was common knowledge. In Philadelphia in a black woman who fatally stabbed an intoxicated man after he attacked her on a streetcar was arrested and tried for murder.
Even when black women were murdered by batterers, their victimization could be eclipsed by the rhetoric of their promiscuity. I am, therefore … willing to accept a plea of murder in the second degree.www.lankute.lt/wp-includes/2019-09-15/3555.php
Protect women's rights and promote gender equality
Against this backdrop, Marissa Alexander's experience not only summons the history of the politics of protection in criminal justice but also calls attention to the way that politicized protection has engendered the violence for which black women are often criminalized. The Alexander case also points to the more troubling aspects of the relationship between black womanhood, intraracial gendered violence, and mass incarceration.
It gestures toward the murkier aspects of the ways that black women are subject to and are trading in violence domestically but also within larger black communities. This milieu reveals gaps in the historiography and in discourses on mass incarceration. Moreover, this essay is concerned with the historical experiences of black women and intraracial gender violence, but that does not negate the need for historians to also delve more deeply into white violence—interracially and intraracially, historically and currently—especially given the recent spate of mass shootings and their relationship to domestic violence.
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Beth Richie's book on black women and incarceration notes that the second most common cause of death for black women and girls between the ages of 15 and 25 was homicide, primarily caused by intimate-partner violence. Given the ominous statistics about black men and violent death, black women's equally stark numbers should come as no surprise.
But in many ways this is the elephant in the room when scholars examine race, gender, and crime. Concerns about unwittingly padding bigoted notions of blackness have fomented uncomfortable silences about intraracial gendered violence. Structural and systematic impediments to protection have placed black women at a greater risk for violence and abuse—conditions related to increased instances of incarceration.
In , for example, 57 percent of female state prisoners were victims of abuse prior to their confinement, Given black women's representation in the criminal-justice system and their historic and ongoing vulnerability, there can be little doubt that gender violence is a key factor in their disproportionate representation.
Indeed, 68 percent of incarcerated black women had been victimized by intimate-partner violence, and, compared to white women, black women are twice as likely to be killed by a spouse. Historicizing racialized and gendered notions of protection helps make clear the relationship between black women's historical experiences and mass incarceration. Further, exclusionary notions of protection have created a need for black women to trade in extralegal violence for personal security.
Historical accounts are replete with examples of otherwise-law-abiding black women found carrying small knives and other weapons to guard against daily assaults and violations at home and in the workplace—behaviors gesturing toward their often-overlooked vulnerability. African American women experience domestic violence at a rate 35 percent higher than the rate for white women and roughly 2. These facts are not hidden, yet they rarely seem to be at the forefront of discussions surrounding race, gender, and justice.
A similar dynamic seems to be at work in the discourses surrounding the Alexander case. Based on the numbers that Richie cites, that fear was more than justified. Save pulling that pistol, the scenario in which Alexander found herself is exactly how women such as she die and have been dying for decades. Even so, historical explorations of intraracial gender violence are fairly limited, and current examinations of race and mass incarceration largely concentrate on the war on drugs and felony disfranchisement.
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Both of those topics are important, but given that violent crime represents 50 percent of the charges for which state prisoners are currently serving time and that drug crimes account for only 25 percent it seems that a restructuring of priorities might be necessary. The historical role that racism, patriarchy, and misogyny play in African American crime and violence is essential to arresting mass incarceration; this does not discount the socioeconomic factors of crime or the racism embedded in the U.
Long-standing barriers to protection play central roles in the relationship among race, gender, violence against black women, and black female criminalization. Acknowledging this not only will enhance future scholarship on the carceral state but will also begin to upend those historic forces that have pushed black women to the margins of justice. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford.
It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.
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